Drewry now expects global port throughput to rise by 2.6% in 2019, down from the previous 3.0% expectation.
“The weight of risks pressing down on the container market seems to be getting heavier by the day,” said Simon Heaney, senior manager, container research at Drewry and editor of the Container Forecaster.
“The situation has been exacerbated by a brace of new problems that cloak the market in further layers of concern and uncertainty over those that previously existed.
“There is a danger that this stream of negative news creates a self-fulfilling prophecy that might run contrary to the facts on the ground. First-half port statistics were reasonably strong and consumer demand had been fairly resilient, all things considered, but some key indicators have more recently taken a sharp decline and we feel it is right to adopt a slightly more cautious attitude,” added Heaney.
One of the major risks identified in the report is the impact of IMO 2020 on containership supply. There is still no clear guidance on just how much additional cost it will land on the industry and the recent drone attacks on Saudi oil facilities muddied the waters when it caused oil prices to spike, Drewry explained.
The current estimate is that operators will next year be faced with an additional USD 11 billion of fuel costs related to the switch to low-sulphur fuel oil and the degree of compensation that carriers receive will dictate the level of supply disruption next year.
“Our working assumption is that carriers will have more success in recovering that cost than previously, to the point that there will be no major disruption to supply,” said Heaney.
“However, if they fall short by a significant margin we think that lines would quickly dust off the decade-old playbook that was used to see them through the global financial crash. There will be much less focus by carriers on service quality and more on cost cutting.
“In that scenario, carriers will try to protect cash flows by restricting capacity as best they can, through a combination of measures, including further slow-steaming, more blank sailings, and off-hiring of chartered vessels,” Heaney added.
Failure to recover more of the larger fuel bill is also likely to push more carriers/owners to either have more ships fitted with exhaust scrubbers to be able to continue running on the cheaper high-sulphur oil, and/or to ramp-up demolitions.
“If events follow this path the supply-demand balance will look very different from our current forecast. The worst case scenario, when most shipping lines cannot operate close to breakeven and some potentially face bankruptcy, would actually be a far quicker route to rebalancing the market than the current plodding track,” said Heaney.