The Baltic Exchange has called on the European Commission (EC) not to lose sight of the benefits of over-the-counter (OTC) trading in the freight derivatives market.
The Baltic Exchange has called on the European Commission (EC) not to lose sight of the benefits of over-the-counter (OTC) trading in the freight derivatives market and warns that over-zealous regulation could drive business away from Europe.
In a response to the EC's consultation paper Enhancing the Resilience of OTC Derivatives Markets, the Baltic Exchange argued that the freight derivatives market has evolved successfully and in the direction desired by regulators thanks to an evolutionary rather than prescriptive approach. The freight derivatives market already sees around 90% of all trades cleared and is provided with independent forward pricing and volume data by the Baltic Exchange.
The Baltic warned against a move towards the imposition of exchange traded contracts by regulators, noting that market forces should be allowed to judge when the benefits of exchange or other electronic trading outweigh the benefits of OTC trading.
"OTC markets allow brokers and traders together to evolve contracts which meet their needs. There is considerable natural pressure for standardisation because using a standard instrument reduces liquidity risks and opens up access for example to clearing. It also offers the likelihood of finer pricing in a brokered market since the pricing of a standard contract is more likely to be subject to market-place competition."
Responding to calls for greater transparency in derivatives markets, the Baltic Exchange wrote: "It is unclear why more transparency of trading activity could help instil better due diligence and more efficiency in the markets."
It added: "In the commodity markets and specifically the freight market, private unregulated companies transact business with other private companies and often choose to keep this business confidential. Not only are the benefits of greater transparency [of this nature] unclear, they are probably unattainable as other jurisdictions, Switzerland, Singapore etc are attractive alternative locations for market participants. Over-zealous regulatory intervention could easily drive business away from the EU."